An Individual-Based Model to Simulate Genetic Processes in Populations of Species Inhabiting One-Dimensional Area
Bukin Yu.S., Gorbylev A.L.
National research Irkutsk State Technical University, Irkutsk, 664074, Russia
Limnological Institute, SB RAS, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia
In this paper an individual-based model describing the genetic processes in population of species with one-dimensional (belt shaped) area of spreading is proposed. In the process of modelling the following factors are considered: the initial distribution of organisms in area; mobility of individuals; density of distribution of resources in the area; probability of nucleotide substitution in mitochondrial and nuclear genetic markers; duration of the simulation process in generation units. The model is developed to "play" different scenarios of formation of the genetic diversity. DNA sequences obtained by using the simulation can be compared with ones from samples of natural populations of organisms in order to verify various hypotheses of formation of genetic diversity. The open source software can be found at URL https://yadi.sk/d/80YAOsvYckiTr