Polarons on Dimerized Lattice of Polyacetilene. Continuum Approximation
Astakhova T.Yu., Vinogradov G.A.
Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow, Russia
Abstract. A one-electron model is proposed to describe a polaron on a dimerized polyacetylene lattice. Within the framework of the formulated model, the dynamics of a freely moving polaron is considered. The results obtained are compared with the many-electron model that takes into account all π-electrons of the valence band. Polaron can move at subsonic and supersonic speeds. The subsonic polaron is stable. A supersonic polaron loses stability at times ∼ 6 000 fs. A supersonic polaron has a forbidden speed range. An analytical solution to the continual approximation helps to understand the reason for the existence of forbidden speeds. The dynamics of a free polaron is similar to the dynamics of a polaron in an electric field. The proposed one-electron approximation significantly expands the possibilities of numerical simulation in comparison with the traditional many-electron model.
Key words: polaron, polyacetilene, continuum approximation, dimerized lattice.