Russian version English version
Volume 16   Issue 2   Year 2021
Coexistence of the Three Trophic Levels in a Model with Intraguild Predation and Intraspecific Competition of Prey

Evgeniya Giricheva

Institute of Automation and Control Processes FEB RAS, Vladivostok, Russia

Abstract. The model of a three-trophic community with intraguild predation is considered. The system consists of three coupled ordinary differential equations describing the dynamics of resource, prey and predator. Models with intraguild predation are characterized by predators that feed on resource of its own prey. A number of similar models with different functional responses have been proposed. In contrast to previous works, in the present model, the predator functional response to the resource is differed from that to the prey. The model takes into account an intraspecific competition of prey to stabilize the system in resource-rich environment. Conditions of existence and local stability of non-negative solutions are established. The possibility of Hopf bifurcation around positive equilibrium with consumption rate as bifurcation parameter is studied. For the model, in the plane of the consumption and predation rates, the regions of existence and stability of boundary and internal equilibria are constructed. Numerical simulations show that the region of equilibrium coexistence of populations is increased due to the inclusion of prey self-limitation in the model. Bifurcation diagrams confirm the stabilizing effect of intraspecific competition of prey on the system dynamics in resource-rich environment.

Key words: three-trophic model, intraguild predation, intraspecific competition, species coexistence, stability of equilibria.

Table of Contents Original Article
Math. Biol. Bioinf.
doi: 10.17537/2021.16.394
published in Russian

Abstract (rus.)
Abstract (eng.)
Full text (rus., pdf)


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